Plaza Development Conflict Erupts, 1940s Church Likely Casualty

A rendering of the original Cocina47 project proposed for the corner of northwest corner of 47th and Pennsylvania in the Plaza. (Rendering from Drake Development)

By Kevin Collison

The Country Club Plaza is at a development flash point again over the likely demolition of an attractive, but unprotected, old church and a developer’s plan to replace it with a three-level restaurant project.

Drake Development intends to raze the Seventh Church of Christ, Scientists at 47th and Pennsylvania and build a structure that would add three restaurants to the Plaza, one on each floor.

The project also would include worship space for the existing church congregation.

The struggle however, is not so much about saving the 90 year-old church, which has no local landmark protection, but objections that Drake’s “Cocina47” proposal would exceed the height restrictions of the Plaza Bowl Overlay District by 20 feet and include no parking.

“It’s a small site, too small to have parking on it, but he bought it knowing about the parking and height requirements,” said City Councilwoman Katheryn Shields, who’s attempting to negotiate a compromise.

“He doesn’t need to solve all the problems, but he has to comply with the zoning in place.”

The dispute is perhaps the sharpest at the Plaza since the battle in 2010 over a plan by its former owner, Highwoods, to build a new headquarters for the Polsinelli law firm that would have razed the Balcony Building at 47th and Broadway.

The Seventh Church of Christ, Scientists, would be demolished to make way for the Cocina47 project.

That proposal caused an uproar in the preservation community and Polsinelli ultimately decided to move into a new building on the west side of the Plaza at 48th and Roanoke Parkway.

Developer Matt Pennington of Drake said his restaurant project is the kind of development necessary to assure the future viability of the Plaza, which he believes has too much retail space for an evolving marketplace that’s shifting to online shopping.

“Taubman is doing the best they can, but at the end of the day, there’s way too much retail on the Plaza,” he said, referring to the Plaza owner.

“I have nothing against Taubman, I don’t want a bad relationship, but Taubman needs to be allowed the flexibility to change its uses from retail to more dense uses.”

But Taubman Realty, which bought the Plaza along with Macerich Co. in 2016, supports the zoning requirements.

The firm has joined Block Real Estate Services, Historic Kansas City, Friends of the Plaza and other neighborhood leaders in a joint press release slamming the plan.

“The proposed Cocina47 development is flatly incompatible with the Midtown Plaza Area Plan and the Plaza Bowl overlay,” according to the release.

“The departures cannot be accommodated with minor tweaks to the plan and zoning. City approval of this development could set in motion a hodge podge of proposed development projects in and surrounding the Plaza.

“It could lead to a collapse of overlay ordinances in Kansas City neighborhoods and is a threat to area planning.”

As for saving the Romanesque Revival-design brick church that opened in 1942, it appears to be a lost cause.

Pennington said the building, which he bought in 2020, is filled with asbestos and obsolete, and needs to be razed.

The last big preservation battle at the Plaza was over a plan to raze the Balcony Building at 47th and Broadway.

Historic KC, the area’s primary historic preservation group, acknowledged the city is extremely reluctant to grant landmark protection to a structure without its owners permission.

“In Kansas City, you just can’t get something locally designated over owner objection,” the group said in an alert about the church the group sent members last month.

“It’s not a requirement, but a political reality. The only exception is the City Council approved the designation of Union Station over the owner’s objection.”

Shields said with that exception of Union Station, she was unaware of any building being given landmark protection from demolition against its owners wishes.

Her focus is more on the Plaza Overlay District. The building, as currently proposed by Drake, is about 65 feet tall, 20 feet taller than the 45-foot limit.

“If we can do the height, I’m willing to take the heat from the preservation community,” she said. “It needs to abide by the overlay and parking regulations.”

As for Drake’s allegation the Plaza’s retail foundation was shaky, Taubman isn’t buying his argument.

“Drake Development can lobby for its project with city officials using outrageous, unfounded conjecture regarding the Plaza’s alleged demise as its platform,” the shopping center owner stated in the release.

“But the truth is that the Plaza successfully met the challenges faced by the changing retail environment and the pandemic head on. It is strong, and it is well positioned to thrive.”

Taubman also stated Drake intends to provide parking for its project by utilizing garages built to serve the Plaza itself. The proposed project is just outside the formal Plaza boundary.

The garages are maintained by special one-cent sales tax charged at Plaza businesses.

“The unprecedented poaching of Plaza parking will be a direct detriment to Plaza tenants and their customers and the sustainability of the Plaza,” according to Taubman.

The Jack Henry building is being redeveloped by Drake as a Chief Fit health club and other uses. (Image from Drake Development)

Pennington is no stranger to the Plaza, being well along on a $44 million redevelopment of the former Jack Henry building next to the proposed Cocina47 site. The building is being renovated to become a Chiefs Fit health club.

The developer criticized the Plaza Bowl height restrictions enacted by the City Council in 2019 as hampering the revitalization the shopping district needs to remain viable.

He estimated if the project is approved, it would yield $500,000 annually in new sales tax revenues alone to the city.

Pennington suggested that if his restaurant project is required to meet the height restriction imposed on the actual Plaza, it should be allowed to take advantage of the shopping district’s garages.

At this point, the developer is not planning to seek tax incentives for the project.

“Not at this time,” Pennington said, “but if the use of public parking on the Plaza truly becomes an issue we will be forced to request incentives.”

Shields said she’s made progress in discussions with Drake Development about reducing the height of the building although nothing has been formalized. The developer originally wanted significantly higher ceilings for the restaurant spaces, she said.

“I’ve been meeting with them since last fall,” she said. “I think we’re making some progress.”

Pennington said the higher ceilings are necessary to meet the demands of modern restaurant operators. The plan also includes large outdoor seating areas for each restaurant.

As for parking, Shields suggested that Drake negotiate with Block Real Estate, which owns the 46 Penn Centre office tower immediately to the north of the development site, or Taubman for the spaces his development is required.

Block however, doesn’t like what’s being proposed, according to the release.

“These (Plaza Bowl overlay) standards ensure that all new projects are respectful of the Plaza design aesthetic that dates back to 1923,” Block stated.

“This proposed development far exceeds height restrictions and forces its visitors to seek on-street parking in the nearby residential neighborhood and parking spaces that have been purchased and maintained by neighboring property owners.”

Pennington acknowledged he has more negotiating ahead before he submits a development plan to City Hall. If he’s successful, demolition of the old church would occur before the end of this year with anticipated completion of the project in 2024.

“I’m bringing three amazing restaurants to the city and we’re arguing over a few feet and some parking,” he said. “Logic is not prevailing here.

“Overall, Kansas City wants the Plaza to maintain its luster and keep it amazing.”

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  1. Honestly, the plaza’s already lost its luster sadly. They keep putting buildings in that don’t match the Spanish architecture. The riots a couple years ago didn’t help things. And then you have developers that keep on trying to tear down historic, aesthetically appropriate buildings, for bland, suburban style, office park buildings.

  2. Why does Pennington feel like he needs to posture like a prototypical evil developer? He needs to drop the urge to fight everyone asking him to follow established rules.

  3. This development is like plucking a precious stone from a necklace. Yes, it has potential value, but the necklace is worthless – and vulnerable to further thieves. As a Plaza resident, I fear it could all be gone without strong leadership in opposition to these exceptions to existing plans.

  4. Logic (and rude huffery-puffery) work both ways, Mr. Pennington. If the Plaza were in such sad state, why would he be interested in it? If the objections being made were petty, why not simply yield?

    The parking garages he wants his customers to use aren’t “public” but perhaps he could offer to bind his property to an obligation to contribute to garage maintenance for as long as this new building stands.

    I do have to say that, at least in this rendering, this is among the least offensively-faced boxes to have been proposed for the Plaza in a long time.

  5. Dear Plaza – stick to your guns and fight for your character. The suburbanizing of you won’t result in a positive future because suburbanites aren’t the audience. City-dwellers are. People who use you as their everyday shopping and relaxation spot*. I’m a former resident of KC, now living in LA, and I see smart design, and urban planning, doing a lot to create very successful and unique pedestrian-friendly urban shopping nodes all over LA – where retail is actually thriving (take note Mr. Pennington). More than height or parking this building needs to be nixed on grounds of blandness. The, I think, clumsy handling of the former Hall’s building should have been a warning shot that character is lost by small degrees. KC has a rich urban history – and is developing that very well. Don’t yearn to be Johnson County, be yourself. (*The Plaza started as an everyday shopping area, with hardware stores as well as department stores. Maybe it should head a bit back that way?)

  6. Kit Dennis puts his finger on the single biggest problem facing the Plaza, which is not height restrictions or Johnson Countians’ fears of race riots (lol). It’s pedestrian safety. In our 25 years living here we’ve watched cars gradually become more aggressive and less respectful of the walker. Plaza management has not been helpful here with timid signage and total lack of crosswalk enforcement. We now have a situation where it is safer to cross six lanes of Main Street just east of the Plaza, at a crosswalk with a red-light signal, than it is to cross any street in the Country Club Plaza. That is disgraceful.

    It is the PEDESTRIAN — not the faux-Seville architecture or any of the hoity-toity retail brands — that is the Plaza’s most distinctive feature. I hope no one gets killed before the corporate owners wake up to that fact.

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